Category: Openwrt nfs vs samba

Since SMB is supported by Windows, many company and home networks use it by default. I will show you a basic benchmark based on read and write operations with both protocols.

The NAS device will be the target for read and write operations. All devices are connected over LAN. An important difference between both protocols is the way they authenticate.

NFS uses the host-based authentication system. This means that every user on an authenticated machine can access a specific share.

Synology shared storage-NFS vs ISCSI vs SMB which is faster on 10GB?

However SMB provides a user-based authentication. As you can see below I have restricted read and write access to the network segment You might split your network segment into two regions. The upper hosts might get read access whereas the lower hosts might get additionally write access. Just play around and find the configuration which meets your requirements. The SMB share can be mounted without any additional Software. Others need 3rd-party software to access NFS shares.

The provided driver is not digitally signed! As you can see NFS offers a better performance and is unbeatable if the files are medium sized or small. If the files are large enough the timings of both methods get closer to each other. Sadly most Windows users are forced to use SMB. Tags: nas nfs smb. June 1, November 19, However, SMB is more or less a Microsoft protocol. To get the best performance, you need to use Windows servers and clients.

Dear Jacky, you may be right that you get the best performance with SMB in a pure Windows only environment. In my opinion this is not realistic. Mixed environments like having Windows clients and Linux file servers or vice versa is not uncommon. In that case NFS shows a better performance. I believe NFS has been stateful for 20 years now since v4 came out. Thank you! On ubuntu There is no big advantage. NFS is only better for small or medium sized files.

The system that I will be building here soon uses many small files in a Read Only environment. So from the looks of it, the NFS is the better choice.In this tutorial we will create the following setup: nfs shares available to devices in LAN.

In the tutorial we assume that you have already set up the storage system with the folder you want to share with nfs, if you didn't do that yet, please do it before proceeding.

For most users a single free-for-all share like this is enough, so for now it will stay like this.

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These ports are opened automatically on LAN when you install the packages. You can check yourself with netstat -an. Install nfs-kernel-server metapackage, it will pull down all other needed packages for you. In case your distribution is missing support, you need to install the client software. For Windows it's a bit more complex as you may or may not have it depending on Windows version and type, also the native one does not really perform that well.

JFtp is a third party client, but there are probably others too. Quite frankly, if you want to share files with Windows it's far better to set up Samba instead.

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These are the default contents:. When NFS services are already running, use the command service nfsd reload to reload and apply changes on the fly. NFS services are usually enabled and started on installation, verify with top or ps whether the services are running. The following entries should appear in the process list:. Use the netstat -l command to see whether portmap is listening on port for both tcp and udp.

The nfsd process may use varying ports. Check the Arch Wiki for more info. This will tell systemd that this partition isn't critical for boot so your PC will start up fine even if the NFS share is unavailable. If you don't add this option and the NFS share isn't available on boot, your PC will not start up at all and you will have to use a Linux live-cd to go and fix the fstab entry. With portmap running on your OpenWrt-Machine you can use rpcinfo -p This is a tutorial There are many other tutorials if you search on the net.

Java client: JFtp. The NFS Services is turned off by default. Then you could map the network drives on My Computer. Step by Step guide avalible here or here. Installing the kmod-loop package should solve this issue. Site Tools Search. Sidebar Learn about OpenWrt Supported devices. Quick start guide.This VFS module is part of the samba 7 suite. Having shares with ADS support enabled for OS X client is worthwhile because it resembles the behaviour of Apple's own SMB server implementation and it avoids certain severe performance degradations caused by Samba's case sensitivity semantics.

The following options must be set in the global smb. Default yes. This extension enhances several deficiencies when connecting from Macs:. There's a set of per share options that come into play when fruit:aapl is enabled. These options, listed below, can be used to disable the computation of specific Mac metadata in the directory enumeration context, all are enabled by default:.

A global option whether to enable OS X specific copychunk ioctl that requests a copy of a whole file along with all attached metadata. A global option whether to return zero to queries of on-disk file identifier, if the client has negotiated AAPL. Samba doesn't provide those semantics, and that occasionally cause usability issues or even data loss. Returning a file identifier of zero causes the Mac client to stop using and trusting the file id returned from the server.

This option defines the model string inside the AAPL extension and will determine the appearance of the icon representing the Samba server in the Finder window. Due to a spelling bug in all Samba versions older then 4. This option enforces the following settings per share or for all shares if enabled globally :. Useful for Time Machine: limits the reported disksize, thus preventing Time Machine from using the whole real disk space for backup.

The option takes a number plus an optional unit. The calculation works by reading the band size from the Info. Note: this option only applies when fruit:resource is set to file the default. This options controls whether these. Setting this option to false will fix this, but the abstraction leak of exposing the internally created.

Without this, directories can't be renamed if any client has any file inside it recursive! This is an expensive computation, setting this to off pretends the use has maximum effective permissions. Whether to wipe Resource Fork data that matches the special bytes sized placeholder blob that macOS client create on occasion.

There being no one use of this data, it is probably safe to discard it. When this option is enabled, this module truncates the Resource Fork stream to 0 bytes.

SMB Samba share overview (aka Windows file sharing).

Whether to delete empty AppleDouble files. Empty means that the resource fork entry in the AppleDouble files is of size 0, or the size is exactly bytes and the content matches a special boilerplate resource fork created my macOS.

The original Samba software and related utilities were created by Andrew Tridgell. Samba is now developed by the Samba Team as an Open Source project similar to the way the Linux kernel is developed. This module is not stackable other than described in this manpage. This extension enhances several deficiencies when connecting from Macs: directory enumeration is enriched with Mac relevant filesystem metadata UNIX mode, FinderInfo, resource fork size and effective permissionas a result the Mac client doesn't need to fetch this metadata individually per directory entry resulting in an often tremendous performance increase.

The ability to query and modify the UNIX mode of directory entries.

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Settings: file default - use a.By using our site, you acknowledge that you have read and understand our Cookie PolicyPrivacy Policyand our Terms of Service. Ask Ubuntu is a question and answer site for Ubuntu users and developers. It only takes a minute to sign up. I am setting up a box to be a file server at the house. It will mainly be used to share music, pictures, movies with other linux boxes on the network, and one OS X machine. From what I have read NFS and samba would work in my situation, and as such I am not sure which to choose.

What is important to me is the speed transfers between boxes and how difficult it is to setup. In a closed network where you know every deviceNFS is a fine choice. With a good network, throughput it disgustingly fast and at the same time less CPU intensive on the server. It's very simple to set up and you can toggle readonly on shares you don't need to be writeable.

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I disagree with Anders. It's capable of very complex and complete security mechanisms But you don't need them. They're actually turned off by default. Here's a line from my live version that shares my music:. This shares that path with anybody on This is actually the NVSv3 client still because I'm lazy but it's compatible in this scenario. It might look more complicated than it really is but it's solid, predictable and fast.

Something you can't level against Samba At least, in my experience. Especially if you have to deal with GByte of photos and music files in directories you will love the speed of NFS. NFS version 3 will give higher performance and is quite easy to set up. The main problem is the complete lack of decent security. Samba will probably be a bit slower but is easy to use, and will work with windows clients as well.

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Run real-world tests before you dedicate the next X years and Y TB to a particular protocol never realizing that there was a better option. You'll find opinions all over of which one is faster with the Samba people claiming that they are on par with NFS. Go with the one that gives the best results in your setup and ignore what people say is the fastest.

I recently setup a local NFS server on Ubuntu X couldnt connect. Ubuntu Community Ask! Sign up to join this community. The best answers are voted up and rise to the top. Which to use NFS or Samba?This didn't work. What password do you use when you set the samba password for root? Do you use the root password? Yes, you have to use the root password. In step 6, if you have added root as an allowed user, then to login to your samba server use root username and password.

Login root username and password. Post a Comment. How to Configure Samba Server on Openwrt. June 07, Here you can set Hostname, Description, Workgroup, and Home-directories to share. After that you have to add. Name for shared folder. Path is your storage device mount path. Allowed users are user who are allowed to access particular shared folder. Go to Edit template tab and change invalid user from nobody to root if you want to use root to access samba.

Click save apply and restart router. You have Configured Samba If you are using user other than root you have to change owner of files in your storage device without that you won't be able to write on that device. DiiKwad May 11, at PM.

Samba (smb)

Vedant May 12, at AM. Update the repositories: opkg update 2. I will be demonstrating the transmission-web which also relies on the transmission-daemon: opkg install transmission-web 4.

Read more. July 11, Why use third party firmware? Nowadays, everyone is using routers in their home and offices. Default firmware provided with the router may have limited features which otherwise could be useful if configurable or comes with the bug which does not get fixed quicklystranding you to live with it.

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This also increases security risk for your home network. Imagine a situation, where an outsider is able to connect to your home network and eat your bandwidth or delete data from your home devices or stealing contacts from your phone. For me, the reason behind using a third party open source firmware is mainly performance, complete control of the network, the new version is made available faster and they can run for days without restarting the router.

Installing third party firmware gives you a granular level of control along with business level features, utilizing hardware's maximum capacity.OpenWrt supports two versions of Samba.

Samba3 and Samba4. Many of the existing guides are based on Samba3…. Installing filesystem support, mounting, basic os level permissions are all something Samba sits on top of. Beginning the setup of the Samba server before mounting and verifying a working disk setup will make things much harder in the long run. To do so, first identify the samba version available for your installation:.

Usually you will not have to change defaults provided in this section. This config section determines values and options relevant to the overall operation of samba. The following table lists all available options, their default value and respectively a short characterization. See smb. These are the default settings for the common options:. In this section you need to configure the disk folders you intend to make accessible to users in your LAN.

NFS Network File System share configuration (aka Linux/Unix file sharing).

You can choose to share the partition as a whole, or just individual directories on it. For each entry you need to create an individual config sambashare section. Make sure that guest ok is set to no and allow your created user to access the fileshare with the option users by adding the usernames. If you want to add more than one user, use a comma separated list. In the following example we will allow newuser to access the share.

Add a line for each required user. Choose a unique user id the first number in the line of or higher that does not exist yet. Set the group identification number the second number to '' the same number as the user nobody. Copy the rest. By adding the following, you will only enable users for SMB file share access.

In usual default operation, this configuration can be left untouched. Site Tools Search. Sidebar Learn about OpenWrt Supported devices.The version of Samba included in the OpenWrt feeds is version 4, samba4. On devices with 32Mbyte of RAM you will most likely run into memory issuesadding swap might help but devices with at least Mbyte is recommended and a Mbyte swap if possible.

Presuming you want to connect a USB hard disk to the device and then access its contents over the cifs protocol, you need to mount that drive first:.

So does MacOS X since version In case your distribution is missing support, you need to install the client software. After modifying any of the config files, restart the Samba server so that your changes take effect:. Set up shared directories permissions according to your needs using chown and chmod. Any unknown usernames used for authentication against Samba are mapped to a guest login silently by default.

Samba is the only built in way to share resources between computers running Microsoft Windows. Even in a professional environment. Thus it can be very complicated to configure! So, if for whatever reasons above configuration does not give you desired access to your configured shares, you can of course circumvent the uci system and hack the original Samba configuration files instead or in addition. There may be entries which do not have a counterpart in UCI yet and thus can only be configured that way.

Just bear in mind, that the uci config will overwrite the values configured with it but not the whole configuration at every boot up! To circumvent this problem, try logging, choose to login using different credentials and type your username all in caps. If you changed your router hostname, openwrt must be changed accordingly.

Instead of looking up the whole configuration step by step, you maybe want to have a look at Samba. Chapter 1: No-Frills Samba Servers. Notice that you can already achieve a great deal of security by neatly setting up the Firewall Documentation. If you cannot write to the share, Samba may not have the proper permissions to write to the shared folder. The basic idea looks likes this, you must adapt this to your firewall setting.

The objective is to make the router the master browser which means it will discover SMB network shares then make them available over the WINS service.


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